You should know that you have to measure type 2 diabetes sugar level to know exactly you have diabetes. Otherwise, doctor could not be able to diagnose diabetes. Therefore, you have to take some knowledge about the type 2 diabetes sugar level, if you have diabetes or willing to avoid it.
This article will help you to do that… I’m sure.
Your doctor will prescribe you some tests to diagnose diabetes if any circumstance occurs. These different kinds of tests have different type 2 diabetes sugar level values. It is because the way we measure sugar level in each test. Therefore, you have to know clearly about the limits of those values. The difference between the above said values is because of the way each test measures diabetes.
Let’s see some popular blood glucose tests and levels next.
Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) Test
This is the major blood test to diagnose the diabetes. This test indicates our average blood sugar level for past two or three months in order. Therefore, a doctor can diagnose diabetes easily using the results of this test.
If you are a normal person with normal blood sugar levels, you should have a value below 5.7 percent on this test. Furthermore, we can take this value as a history of type 2 diabetes sugar level in hemoglobin. If the result is in between 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent, doctor will recognize you as a pre-diabetes. It means you have a high risk in forming type 2 diabetes.
If the A1C level is 6.5 or higher, it means you have diabetes.
Nevertheless, in one test, doctor will prescribe you two separate tests. If both tests positive he will diagnose type 2 diabetes on you.
Sometimes a doctor may use the following separate tests to measure type 2 diabetes sugar level.
Random Blood Sugar Test
Here, the type 2 diabetes sugar level is measuring in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). In this test, we measure blood at any time regardless when you last ate. If the level is higher than 200 mg/dL or 11.1 mmol/L it says you have diabetes. This is not an exact measurement, but we can take an assumption from this to go for a more detailed test.
Fasting Blood Sugar Test
A person has to avoid taking foods for at least 10 hours prior to this test. Therefore, this is called the Fasting test. When you stay fasting your blood sugar levels goes down. Reading of this test should be below 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) if you are a normal. If you have type 2 diabetes, sugar level will be over 126 mg/dL. Sugar level between 100 – 125 mg/dL means pre-diabetes.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Most of the times doctors use this test to check type 2 diabetes sugar level during pregnancy. Patient have to stay fasting overnight and drink a measured sugary liquid (most of the times glucose) and test the blood sugar level after some defined time.
Here we check type 2 diabetes sugar level after two hours of consuming 75g of glucose. Values should be less than 140 mg/dL after two hours, if the person is in safe condition. If the reading value is in between, 140 to 199 mg/dL it means the patient is in pre-diabetes status. More than 200 mg/dL means diabetes.
These type 2 diabetes sugar level tests use to diagnose diabetes and treatments start according to the test results. Most of the time a doctor will prescribe more than one test among those at one checkup routine.