Uncategorized Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes sugar level on various tests

You should know that you have to measure type 2 diabetes sugar level to know exactly you have diabetes. Otherwise, doctor could not be able to diagnose diabetes. Therefore, you have to take some knowledge about the type 2 diabetes sugar level, if you have diabetes or willing to avoid it.

This article will help you to do that… I’m sure.

Your doctor will prescribe you some tests to diagnose diabetes if any circumstance occurs. These different kinds of tests have different type 2 diabetes sugar level values. It is because the way we measure sugar level in each test. Therefore, you have to know clearly about the limits of those values. The difference between the above said values is because of the way each test measures diabetes.

Let’s see some popular blood glucose tests and levels next.

Glycated Hemoglobin (A1C) Test

This is the major blood test to diagnose the diabetes. This test indicates our average blood sugar level for past two or three months in order. Therefore, a doctor can diagnose diabetes easily using the results of this test.

If you are a normal person with normal blood sugar levels, you should have a value below 5.7 percent on this test. Furthermore, we can take this value as a history of type 2 diabetes sugar level in hemoglobin. If the result is in between 5.7 percent to 6.4 percent, doctor will recognize you as a pre-diabetes. It means you have a high risk in forming type 2 diabetes.
If the A1C level is 6.5 or higher, it means you have diabetes.

Nevertheless, in one test, doctor will prescribe you two separate tests. If both tests positive he will diagnose type 2 diabetes on you.

Sometimes a doctor may use the following separate tests to measure type 2 diabetes sugar level.

Random Blood Sugar Test

Here, the type 2 diabetes sugar level is measuring in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). In this test, we measure blood at any time regardless when you last ate. If the level is higher than 200 mg/dL or 11.1 mmol/L it says you have diabetes. This is not an exact measurement, but we can take an assumption from this to go for a more detailed test.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test

A person has to avoid taking foods for at least 10 hours prior to this test. Therefore, this is called the Fasting test. When you stay fasting your blood sugar levels goes down. Reading of this test should be below 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) if you are a normal. If you have type 2 diabetes, sugar level will be over 126 mg/dL. Sugar level between 100 – 125 mg/dL means pre-diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Most of the times doctors use this test to check type 2 diabetes sugar level during pregnancy. Patient have to stay fasting overnight and drink a measured sugary liquid (most of the times glucose) and test the blood sugar level after some defined time.

Here we check type 2 diabetes sugar level after two hours of consuming 75g of glucose. Values should be less than 140 mg/dL after two hours, if the person is in safe condition. If the reading value is in between, 140 to 199 mg/dL it means the patient is in pre-diabetes status. More than 200 mg/dL means diabetes.

These type 2 diabetes sugar level tests use to diagnose diabetes and treatments start according to the test results. Most of the time a doctor will prescribe more than one test among those at one checkup routine.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Complications

At the First, we have to learn about the type 2 diabetes complications. What are the type 2 diabetes complications?

If you have diabetes, you have to control it. Controlling diabetes is the main cure part. What will happen if a patient unable to control diabetes?

If a patient unable to control diabetes, it will reach to chronic level. Furthermore, chronic diabetes is a big issue among the type 2 diabetes patients. On the contrary, chronic diabetes may cause various type 2 diabetes complications.

Next section will describe what those type 2 diabetes complications are.

Type 2 diabetes complications

Diabetes can affect every part of the body.

When we study about diabetes, we can find some common complications to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In addition to that, some complications come from only one type of diabetes. Here we are going to describe some of the common type 2 diabetes complications.

We can find some special gestational diabetes complications too.

Some common type 2 diabetes complications are as follows.

  • Skin complications
  • Eye complications
  • Foot complications
  • Kidney complications
  • Heart diseases and strokes

From the next section, we are going to discuss these type 2 diabetes complications one by one.

Type 2 diabetes complications on skin

Diabetes affects the skin. This is one of the most common type 2 diabetes complications among patients.

Most of these skin conditions are common but have more potential to diabetes patients. We can categorize those infections such as bacterial infections, fungal infections and itching.

These types of common skin infections can severe on diabetes patients. Afterward diabetes patient can have a life threat with one of these.

Specialists say that, diabetes patients have to concern thoroughly about their skin. If you are a diabetes patient and have a skin infection, see a doctor as soon as possible.

Type 2 diabetes complications on eyes

Diabetes patient has to take a special care on eyes. It is because eye complications can occur easily in diabetes conditions. What are the most common type 2 diabetes complications on eyes?

  • Glaucoma
  • Cataracts
  • Retinopathy

Diabetes increases the risk of Glaucoma in 40%. In addition, this risk will increase with the age. However, glaucoma is the increment of the pressure inside the eye. This will affect to the retina also and drive a patient to blindness. Retina is the layer of photosensitive cells inside the eye. This layer is doing the image identification part.

Diabetes patients have more risk to have cataracts too. Thus the risk of developing cataracts in diabetes patient is increase in 60%. Cataract blocks the lens with cloudy material and blocks the light. Doctors in particular recommend wearing sunglasses and special glasses on the beginning status of cataracts. But if it develops to a serious level, have to replaces the eye lens. If a diabetes patient who replaced a lens, without an appropriate care, he or she can develop glaucoma too.

Retinopathy is a common name of the retinal damage. On the contrary this brings the type 2 diabetes patient the blindness.

Type 2 diabetes complications on foot

Diabetes patients have to care about their feet very much. It is because type 2 diabetes complications on foot are the most common occurrences among diabetes patients.

Type 2 diabetes complications on foot occur due to a nerve damage. This will result tingling, a burning sensation or a weakness in their feet.

Sensitivity of the feet will lose due to the nerve damage. This makes the case worse because non-sensitive feet can have more damage with infections.

Type 2 diabetes complications on kidneys

Diabetes also causes kidney damages. Without controlling diabetes will affect your kidneys and damage permanently.  Therefore, the best practice to stop kidney damages is the controlling of diabetes.

High levels of blood sugar drive kidneys to filter more blood. In other words kidneys have tiny filters inside to filter the blood and remove the waste. Over active filtering will damage those tiny filters permanently.

Type 2 diabetes complications on heart

Heart disease and stroke are also among the type 2 diabetes complications. Furthermore, this is the most severe case according to these complications. Raising blood glucose levels have a combination with increasing blood pressure and the risk of stroke too.

Preventing of these is the best practice when we concern on type 2 diabetes complications. These complications may become more dangerous. Finally, you have to remember that, a diabetes patient can have a life threat with these type 2 diabetes complications.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Why should we do that ?

Type 2 diabetes prevention is better than its curing. We all know it. It is better to get rid of a disease than treating after the invasion.

This article is to discuss about type 2 diabetes prevention. Why should we prevent diabetes?

Diabetes is a major health issue in the present world. We do many lifestyle malfunctions during the life. Therefore, all of us are in a risk of type 2 diabetes. So, all of us have to know how to do type 2 diabetes prevention.

Who should aware on type 2 diabetes prevention?

We can find many risk factors of diabetes. Some of those are obesity, lack of moving, lack of exercise, lifestyle malfunctions, unhealthy meals or genetic issues.

If your mother, father, brother or sister have diabetes or your grandparents have it you have a genetic risk. Such people must concern of type 2 diabetes prevention.

Most of us in the present world are busy persons. Our day schedules are very busy. Therefore, we do not tend to get a healthy meal. Moreover, not even have a time to think about a healthy meal. We always try to eat something to reduce the hunger. However, this is completely wrong. A main risk factor for diabetes is unhealthy meals.

Obesity is the next one. If you are obese, you have a diabetes risk. Therefore, you should have concern about type 2 diabetes prevention.

Most of the present world people have lack of time to get exercise or moving. In other words, they work hard and mostly sitting for long time. Such people also have to be more concern about type 2 diabetes prevention before it comes.

If a woman suffered of gestational diabetes once in her pregnancy, she already has a risk of diabetes. When she gets older, she may have type 2 diabetes. Therefore, women who had gestational diabetes, have to concern about type 2 diabetes prevention.

Anyway, we think every person has to get a good knowledge of type 2 diabetes prevention.

In the next section, we will discuss about why type 2 diabetes is such a risky disease.

Why we concern type 2 diabetes prevention?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It may occur many complications. These complications are severe most of the time. Also life threatening. Therefore, we have to concern thoroughly on type 2 diabetes prevention.

Next section, we discuss about how to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes prevention

Many organizations and laboratories still investigate lot of efforts to find how to do this type 2 diabetes prevention exactly. Summarizing these, we can produce some special things to do to prevent diabetes.

Lose body weight

You should lose your weight. Moreover, keep the BMI (Body Mass Index) in proper range. Why should we do this?

BMI goes high means you are becoming obese. Obesity is one of the main risk factors for diabetes. Especially on type 2 diabetes. You have to follow a regular exercising schedule. This may be a 20, 30 minutes walking, or aerobics. You can also use a martial art or yoga to reduce body weight and keep the BMI in proper level.

Move more

Most of the present people do sedentary jobs. Sitting for long time means you are not moving. Lack of movements slow down the body functioning.  In particular, this reduces our metabolism. Finally, you may get obese. Therefore, regular movement is essential for type 2 diabetes prevention.

Eating healthy foods

Eating healthy foods and getting healthy meals are essential for type 2 diabetes prevention. Eating more sugar, starch and fat will increase the risk of diabetes. Therefore, we have to reduce eating those in too much amounts.

Eating too much sugar, starch or fat may also lead to fat gain. So, what should we eat to do type 2 diabetes prevention?

You have to eat more vegetables and fruits, which contains dietary fiber. Eating more dietary fiber will reduce the risk of diabetes. Furthermore, dietary fiber will slow down the glucose releasing to blood. This will let more time to body cells to absorb blood glucose.

Avoid eating added sugar. Try to consume without sugar. Do not use starchy, sugary or fatty snacks.

Reduce the amount of meal you get. From this, we can reduce the calorie intake. This will let you to reduce body fat faster.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes causes and risk factors

You all know what the diabetes is. Further, you know what the type 2 diabetes is. Anyway, what the type 2 diabetes causes are? This article will give you an answer to this question.

First, we have to identify what the type 2 diabetes is. We already post an article for this and about type 2 diabetes symptoms before. You can refer those for further information.

Simply, diabetes is the increasing of blood sugar level. So, how this happens? Let’s start discussing about the type 2 diabetes causes.

Beginner’s introduction to type 2 diabetes causes

We can identify several causes for type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle causes hold a great part on type 2 diabetes causes. Genetics are also bearing a considerable part here. But the insulin resistance is the most prominent part of type 2 diabetes causes.

Let’s learn about those causes in detail in the next sections.

Type 2 diabetes causes: Genetic Issues

Type 2 diabetes can be hereditary. It means it comes with genes. This does not mean that you will have diabetes if your father or mother has it. However, you have more risk if your father or mother has diabetes.

Genetic mutation is a risk factor of type 2 diabetes. But it is not a high risk. Anyway, you have to be in concentration on it more than the other people should.

Researchers have find that there is a combination between the genetics and type 2 diabetes. But they could not prove it exactly in what amount. Scientists are still working on the matter.

Some ethnic groups have a more risk in diabetes. Some of those ethnic groups are as follows.

  • African Americans
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Asian Americans
  • Alaska natives
  • American Indians
  • Native Hawaiians
  • Pacific islanders

Finally, you have to know that, you can prevent diabetes if you have a genetic mutation. But how? You can prevent diabetes by controlling the lifestyle causes. We will discuss the lifestyle causes in the next section.

Lifestyle issues of type 2 diabetes causes

According to the fact that lifestyle issues hold a major part in type 2 diabetes causes. These are the most discussing and most preventable causes.

So, what are the lifestyle issues of type 2 diabetes causes? We can identify three main causes as follows.

  • Lack of exercise
  • Unhealthy eating habits and unhealthy meal planning
  • Obesity

Above three causes are the main lifestyle causes for type 2 diabetes. Let’s discuss one by one in detail.

Lack of exercise

Most of the people have very busy life schedules. Therefore they have no time to get even a relaxation. Some people work on a desk and long hours without moving. Sitting jobs are the most responsible lifestyle issue cause for type 2 diabetes.

So, if you are such worker, make a thorough concentration on moving. It means you have to get exercises in the morning or in the afternoon. At least a 30 minute exercise schedule per day is enough to get out of the diabetes risk.

This is not a very big issue in workers who moving their body in their jobs. They automatically get exercising on their working.

Unhealthy eating habits and unhealthy meal planning

Every time you get something as a food, you have to think about your health too. Unhealthy meals hold a major part of lifestyle type 2 diabetes causes.

Taking most of the meals outside means a high risk of type 2 diabetes. Meals purchasing from restaurants or hotels are the outside meals we mentioned. Most outside meals have more carbs, fats, sugar and salt. It is because vendors do not concern about the health and they only concern about the taste. High amounts of carbs, fats and sugar creates a risk on type 2 diabetes.

Meanwhile some people have unhealthy eating habits. Most of them addicted to sugar. Therefore they eat more sugary foods a day. This will also drive them to a diabetes risk.

Most of the fast foods are also in the same category. Carbs, fat, sugar and salt are high in fast foods. People who addicted to several snacks per day also meet the diabetes risk.

Therefore, you should take healthy meals every time. In addition, avoid unhealthy eating habits to prevent diabetes.

Obesity or excess body weight

In the previous two type 2 diabetes causes, we discussed about lack of exercise, unhealthy eating habits and unhealthy meals. These two causes for the obesity too.

So, how does the obesity causes for type 2 diabetes? Some researches shows that obesity increase the insulin resistance of body cells.

Finally we can assume that all of the above three facts are linked each other.

How does the insulin resistance come in type 2 diabetes causes?

Insulin resistance is the most common factor in type 2 diabetes causes. What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone. It is essential to absorb glucose from blood to cells. Therefore the insulin amount is an essential factor in diabetes.

Body cells sometimes refuse insulin. This is the insulin resistance. If an insulin resistance occurs, it will drive the person to diabetes. It is because blood glucose goes high.

Therefore, insulin resistance is a major factor in type 2 diabetes causes.

The role of pregnancy in type 2 diabetes causes

Women can suffer diabetes when they get pregnant. Even if they did not have diabetes before as well. This type of diabetes is the gestational diabetes. According to the scientists this is due to the hormone change during pregnancy.

Other type 2 diabetes risk factors

In addition to the above risk factors people may suffer diabetes due to the following risk factors.

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol/triglyceride levels
  • Alcohol intake in high amounts
  • Age of the person


By getting a good knowledge in type 2 diabetes causes and risk factors you are able to prevent it. Preventing is better than cure, as you know.

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Most common type 2 diabetes symptoms in the society

Type 2 diabetes symptoms? What is this? Do not go hesitate. Reading this article will improve your knowledge about what the type 2 diabetes symptoms are.

Diabetes is a common chronic disease. We can find two types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes. We found most of the people do not know how to identify diabetes. Do you? Anyway we like to describe some type 2 diabetes symptoms in this article.

So, before knowing type 2 diabetes symptoms, let’s first get a brief knowledge about what this type 2 diabetes is.

A brief about the type 2 diabetes disease

As you already know, diabetes has two types. First one is the type 1 diabetes and the second one is type 2 diabetes. According to the facts type 2 diabetes is the most common type in the world.

According to the scientists this is a long term metabolic disorder. We can find 3 special characters of type 2 diabetes. Those are high blood sugar, insulin resistance and relatively lack of insulin.

So, how can we identify type 2 diabetes? Easy, you know that any disease has its own apparent. Further we call as symptoms.  Anyway, when we concern about the type 2 diabetes symptoms, we can find some common symptoms among the people. Let’s start talking about it in the next section.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

This is the most important thing. If you have diabetes, first of all you have to identify it yourself. I mean, you can even make a guess about you have diabetes. If you can guess this correctly, you can prevent the diabetes to develop as chronic.

How do we guess we have diabetes? Symptoms come there. You can identify any disease by its symptoms. Symptom is a physical or mental apparent. From this apparent we can identify a disease. Because of every disease has its common apparent.

We have said that every disease has its common symptoms. So, diabetes has its common symptoms too. Using these common symptoms we can identify diabetes.

How to identify type 2 diabetes symptoms

This section you will learn about how to identify type 2 diabetes easily. The most common type 2 diabetes symptoms are as follows.

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing sores or frequent infections
  • Dark skin areas

Type 2 diabetes symptoms in detail

The first and most common type 2 diabetes symptom is the thirsty. Along with this you may feel the increment of urination frequency. This is due to the excess sugar in blood. How does excess blood sugar increase thirsty and frequency of urination? Excess blood sugar pulls more liquid out from tissues. Result of losing liquid from tissues is the thirst. Not only increased thirst but also excess fluid in blood generates more urination. That’s why type 2 diabetes increases thirsty and increases the frequency of urination.

If you feel an increment of urinate requisition especially at night, you can assume a type 2 diabetes. But increased urination is not only because of type 2 diabetes. More water consumption or high humid environment condition also triggers urination. So, increased urination and thirst is the next most common type 2 diabetes symptom.

But you could not assume type 2 diabetes from those two symptoms only.

The third type 2 diabetes symptom is increased hunger. In type 2 diabetes your body cells could not receive proper amount of glucose. Therefore this will trigger your brain as lack of glucose. Then your brain will stimulate a hunger feeling automatically.

This increased hunger will drive you to eat more food. Eating more food means eating more sugar. Your blood sugar will increase, due to the lack of proper glucose management.

So, if you feel hunger more than in previous normal days, you may assume you have diabetes. Furthermore altogether with the frequent hunger, frequent thirst and urination you can firmly assume you have diabetes.

Notwithstanding excess eating your body fat will lost. Due to the lack of energy receiving to the tissues they will trigger a signal to the brain to release the stored fat. This drives you to a weight loss. On the other hand calories you consume will wash out in your kidneys as urine. Finally the entire energy management system of your body will get lost.

Due to the lack of energy receiving to tissues, the tissues will reduce in action. This will result a fatigue. You may feel the tiredness and irritability. All those symptoms are conjugated.

You have to keep this in mind. Feeling of fatigue does not mean that you have diabetes. Feeling fatigue with the above other type 2 diabetes symptoms, you can assume you have diabetes. Furthermore you have to remember that many other causes can drive a fatigue feeling. Stress, tiredness and many other issues also result a fatigue.

Blurred vision is the most dangerous type 2 diabetes symptom. In higher blood sugar levels your eyes will also reduce fluid. Fluid comes out of the eye lens. This will increase the density of the inside matter of the lens. Therefore the lens transparency reduces and vision goes blurred.

If you feel a slow healing of a sore, you have to check your blood sugar. Healing process may slow down if you have diabetes. Chronic sores are more dangerous because you may lost your body parts.

If you feel losing sensitivity of your feet this may also due to high blood sugar. Losing feet sensitivity is also one of the type 2 diabetes symptoms.

Sometimes you may see some dark places on your skin. These dark areas appear on the folding areas of the skin. Especially on your neck. But this is not a very common type 2 diabetes symptom. Anyway this will also come due to other issues.

At last, if you have two or more of these above symptoms what do you have to do? Let’s learn it from the next section. Next section will describe the way you have to react with these type 2 diabetes symptoms.

How to react and concentrate on type 2 diabetes symptoms?

So, you now have a good knowledge about the type 2 diabetes symptoms. What do you need to do, if you have two or more of those symptoms?

If you suggest you have type 2 diabetes, the first thing you have to do is meeting a doctor.

Then the doctor will check you up for diabetes. You have to face some of the blood tests to determine diabetes. These blood tests may be FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar), RBS (Random Blood Sugar) and OGT (Oral Glucose Tolerance). This will describe in another article of our website. (Click here).

After doing those checkups your doctor will diagnose if you have diabetes or not. If the doctor diagnose that you have diabetes he will start the treatments.

You may have to get medicine or follow a dieting schedule or both. The doctor may give you a dieting schedule or may be directed you to an experienced dietician.

If any requisition has occurred you may have to subject to an eye test and foot test also.

The best way is preventing diabetes. But if you unable to do it you have to identify it in a more early stage. Identifying this early may ease the healing process. So, can we identify diabetes earlier using these type 2 diabetes symptoms? Let’s see on the next section.

Can you identify diabetes earlier using these type 2 diabetes symptoms?

Can you identify diabetes earlier? In fact yes!

On keeping concentration of our body and physical processes you can identify type 2 diabetes easily. If you are able to identify these type 2 diabetes symptoms earlier you can cut the diabetes more easily. The only requirement for this is having a good knowledge about those type 2 diabetes symptoms.

If you have had a good knowledge about the type 2 diabetes symptoms from this article we think we are in success.

Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Managing and Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is one of those lifestyle diseases that have developed great prevalence in today’s world. There are basically two types of diabetes disease. These are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. When it comes to type 2 diabetes. It is a condition where there is insufficient or insignificant amounts of insulin in the body that would convert glucose into energy or a different case, the body becomes resistant to insulin functions.

It’s a long-term condition that has no cure but can be managed easily and with cost-effective means. After being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, you have to stick to a strict diet and recommended medication which will help improve production of insulin or enhance insulin functions in the body.

Tips to manage Type 2 diabetes

Since diabetes has no permanent cure, there is a variety of ways you can manage the disease. Most of the proven methods to manage and maintain diabetes is having a healthy diet and regular exercises. Below are tips that will help you maintain and manage type 2 diabetes.

1. Maintain a healthy body Weight

The major cause of Type 2 diabetes is obesity. If you are obese, it is recommended that you try to shed off some weight to prevent contracting diabetes. A healthy body weight helps to prevent and manage diabetes. There are a number of ways you can take into consideration when you want to manage your weight. It could be through exercise or adopting a healthy diet program. Crash diets are major contributors of excess weights, avoiding fad diets and foods that are high on fats will help maintain a healthy diet and consequently overall maintenance of diabetes.

2. Healthy Diabetic Diet

Healthy eating is essential for anyone, whether you are preventing, managing, maintaining diabetes or not. The best foods that will help a person suffering from type 2 diabetes are foods that are rich in fiber such as fruits, lean proteins such as chicken and fish meat, Low-fat milk etc. The plate method, is a recommended meal guide for a diabetic.

3. Reduce intake of sugar-rich foods.

As mentioned earlier that diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to convert glucose stored in the body into energy, taking sugar-rich foods means increasing on the levels of sugar and glucose in the body. Paying attention to the amount of carbohydrates that you consume, also reduces the amount of glucose in the body. There are great carbohydrate alternatives such as brown rice, whole wheat bread and so on in place of threating carbohydrates such as white bread, pasta, corn and processed foods.

4. Regular Exercise

Exercising has a great effect on preventing and managing diabetes. Taking exercises does not only help you burn calories but it also helps to improve on general insulin function in the body as well as control blood sugar. Any type of exercise that has an exertion and mild sweating will definitely work for you. Exercising about four times in a week, or sometimes three times, is a good method that will help one manage and maintain type 2 diabetes.

These are the proven ways that can help prevent, maintain and manage type 2 diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight is important as adopting a healthy meal. There are those identified meals that your dietician will recommend. Exercising will enhance the function and production of insulin, therefore its advisable to exercise regularly.